Thursday, May 4, 2006
The agreement, announced Wednesday morning by the William J. Clinton Foundation, means that the largest beverage distributor in the country, Coca Cola Co., Pepsico, Cadbury Schweppes PLC, and the American Beverage Association, will draw their sodas from vending machines and cafeterias from schools serving about 35 million students, according to the Alliance for a Healthier Generation, a joint initiative of the Clinton Foundation and the American Heart Association.
"This is an important announcement and a bold step forward in the fight to help American children live healthier lives," he said. Bill Clintonaccording to a press release from the foundation. "These industry leaders recognize that childhood obesity is a problem and have intensified their efforts to help solve it.I congratulate them on their presence here today and this milestone. "There is a lot of work to be done to address this problem, but it is a big step in the right direction and it will help improve the diet of millions of students across the country."
Under the agreement, high schools will still be able to buy beverages such as diet and non-sweet teas, diet sodas, sports drinks, flavored water, seltzer salt and beverages. low calorie sports for resale to students.
Companies plan to stop selling soft drinks in 75% of the country's public schools by the 2008-09 school year and in all schools in the next school year. The speed of change will depend in part on school districts' willingness to change their contracts with beverage distributors, the statement said.
California had already banned soda sales in Logan and other state high schools starting July 2007, under an invoice signed by the governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. "California is facing an epidemic of obesity," he said at the time. He stated that he foresaw that the ban is the first step in creating a healthier California.
The ban on soda sales, SB965, was introduced last September by the senator Martha Escutia from Senate State District 30 in Southern California. The SB965 is one of many bills aimed at "eliminating junk food and sodas from campuses and increasing the amount of fresh fruits and vegetables available to students," Schwarzenegger said. The new law will come into force on July 1, 2007.
State law already prohibits sales of soda at the lowest levels.
Elsie Lee Szeto, Director of Food and Nutrition Services, New Haven Unified School District Union City(California) stated that under the new law, no less than 50% of all beverages sold to students between half an hour before the start of classes and half an hour after classes will have to meet Specific criteria, including fruit drinks, contain not less than 50% fruit juice and contain no sweeteners. All milk sold will be two percent fat, soy and other similar dairy products.
According to the Alliance for a Healthier Generation, about 16% of children and adolescents in our country are overweight or obese, nearly four times as many as forty years ago.
According to Science Center in the Public Interest (CSPI), Washington-based advocacy group, two in three teens in California drink sodas every day. The average intake for men ages 13 to 18 is three or more cans of soda a day.
A recent study by researchers from Boston Children's Hospital has shown a link between the consumption of sugary drinks and obesity in children.
Cara Ebbeling, PhD, and David Ludwig, MD, of the Boston Children's Hospital, conducted a controlled trial of 103 children aged 13 to 18 years. Half of the randomly selected adolescents received non-caloric drinks of their choice. Other adolescents were asked to continue to eat and drink regularly as a control group.
After six months, the consumption of sugary drinks decreased by 82% in the group receiving non-calorie beverages, while the control group was not affected. The body mass index of the beverage distribution group decreased, while that of the control group increased slightly. Other factors such as physical exercise and television viewing have not changed in either group.
Ebbeling concluded that a sweet drink of 12 oz each day would take a kilogram of weight gain in 3 to 4 weeks. "It should be relatively simple to translate this intervention into a pragmatic approach to public health – for example, schools could offer students non-caloric beverages for sale by buying large quantities at low cost," she said. declared.
The agreement announced today "truly marks the beginning of a major effort to change childhood obesity in school systems," said Robert H. Eckel, president of the school board. the American Heart Association.